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Nicholson, Alexander John (1895 - 1969)

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Born: 25 March 1895  Blackhall, County Meath, Ireland.  Died: 28 October 1969  Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.
Alexander John Nicholson was one of Australiaís top Entomologists and greatly increased the knowledge and study of Zoology and Entomology in Australia. His longest serving position was as Chief of the Division of Economic Entomology at CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research)/CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) from 1936 to 1960. During this time Nicholson improved the Divisionís reputation and research scope to include biological control, taxonomy, ecology, physiology, biochemistry and toxicology. Nicholsonís main area of expertise was in insect population dynamics and biology, but he was also a fine designer of scientific equipment and a fastidious organiser. He was a member and office bearer of many of Australiaís and Britainís top scientific bodies and published widely. He received many accolades for his tireless work including an appointment to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).

Career Highlights

1915Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Birmingham, UK
1915 - c. 1919War service with the Royal Regiment of Artillery in France and Belgium
1919 - c. 1921Researcher at the University of Birmingham
1920Master of Science (MSc) completed at the University of Birmingham
1921 - Inagural McCaughey Lecturer in Entomology at the University of Sydney
1921Migrated to Australia (Sydney)
1928 - 1930Councillor of the Linnean Society of New South Wales
1929Doctor of Science (DSc) received from the University of Sydney
1930 - 1933Deputy-Chief of the CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) Division of Economic Entomology
1933'The Balance of Animal Populations' published in the Journal of Animal Ecology
1933 - 1936Acting-Chief of the CSIR Division of Economic Entomology
1935 - Foundation member of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science
1936 - 1960Chief of the CSIR / CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) Division of Economic Entomology
1950 - 1951President of the Royal Society of Australia
1952Clarke Medal received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
1954Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)
1960 - Foundation President of the National Parks Association of the Australian Capital Territory
1961 - Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London (FRES)
1961Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
1963 - Honorary member of the British Ecological Society
1965 - Foundation member of the Australian Entomological Society

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See Also

Structure based on ISAAR(CPF) - click here for an explanation of the fields.Prepared by: McCarthy, G.J.
Created: 20 October 1993
Modified: 9 October 2006

Published by The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre on ASAPWeb, 1994 - 2007
Originally published 1994-1999 by Australian Science Archives Project, 1999-2006 by the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre
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Prepared by: Acknowledgements
Updated: 26 February 2007

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