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Anderson, Charlotte Morrison (1915 - 2002)

AM, FRACP, FRCP, FACP
Published Sources
Paediatric Gastroenterologist
Born: 12 March 1915  Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.  Died: 15 April 2002  Toorak, Victoria, Australia.
Charlotte Morrison Anderson was a Australian pioneer of paediatric gastroenterology. She developed a clinical and research program at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne, where she also established the first cystic fibrosis clinic in Australia (1953) and the hospitalís Gastroenterological Research Unit (1962). Her research was wide-reaching and varied, but her major contributions were made in the areas of cystic fibrosis, celiac disease and sugar intolerance: Anderson devised a test to differentiate between cystic fibrosis and celiac disease; introduced the use of inhalation and chest physiotherapy to increase the survival rate of cystic fibrosis patients; discovered that celiac disease was triggered by wheat gluten and that a gluten-free diet could prevent further disease onset and heal the damaged gut; and invented a simple, non-invasive test for diagnosing sugar intolerance in infants.

Career Highlights
After completing a science degree and five years of research, Charlotte Morrison Anderson, decided to take up medicine. She graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine from the University of Melbourne in 1945 and was appointed a Resident at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. The following year she moved to Melbourneís Royal Childrenís Hospital which was the start of her life-long association with the hospital. The hospitalís Charlote Anderson Memorial Lecture was named in her honour.

In 1950 Anderson received a fellowship and traveled to the Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Birmingham in England to continue her research into malabsorption problems in children. She returned to Melbourne and to the Childrenís Hospital in 1953 and established Australiaís first cystic fibrosis clinic. In 1962 she set up the hospitalís Gastroenterological Research Unit, which she headed for six years.

Charlotte Anderson returned to England and to the University of Birmingham in 1968, remaining there for fourteen years. After her retirement in 1982, she came back to Australia where she worked as an Honorary Consulting Gasteroenterologist at the Princess Margaret Hospital for Children in Western Australia and at the Royal Childrenís Hospital in Melbourne.

Anderson was a fellow of the national and international paediatric societies, helped establish the Australian Society of Paediatric Research, co-founded the Australian Paediatric Journal (1965), authored numerous scientific publications including the book Paediatric Gastroenterology (Anderson & Burke, 1975), and was appointed a Member in the General Division of the Order of Australia for her service to medicine.

Chronology
1936Bachelor of Science with Honours (BSc (Hons)) completed at the University of Melbourne
1936 - 1941Research Biochemist at the Baker Medical Research Institute, Alfred Hospital, Victoria
1937Master of Science (MSc) with Exhibition completed at the University of Melbourne
1945Bachelor of Medicine (MB) and Bachelor of Surgery (BS) completed at the University of Melbourne
1945 - 1946Resident Medical Officer at the Royal Melbourne Hospital
1946 - 1947Resident Medical Officer at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne
1948 - 1950Medical Registrar at the Clinical Research Unit of the Royal Children's Hospital
1950 - 1951Research Fellow at the University of Birmingham, UK
1953 - 1956Senior Research Associate at the Clinical Research Unit, Royal Children's Hospital
1955Doctor of Medicine (MD) completed at the University of Melbourne
1956 - 1959First Assistant in Medical Out-patients at the Royal Children's Hospital
1956 - 1961First Assistant (to 1959) then Deputy Director of the Clinical Research Unit
1962 - 1967Member of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians
1962 - 1968Head of the Gastroenterological Research Unit, Royal Children's Hospital Research Foundation in Melbourne
1965 - 1968Co-founder of The Australian Paediatric Journal
1967 - Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (FRACP)
1968 - 1980Leonard Parsons Professor of Paediatrics and Child Health at the University of Birmingham and Director of the Institute of Child Health, University of Birmingham, UK
1969 - 1971Member of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, London
1971 - Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (FRCP), London
1975 - Fellow of the Australian College of Paediatrics (FACP)
1980 - Professor Emeritus in Paediatrics and child Health at the University of Birmingham
1982 - 1990Honorary Consulting Gastroenterologist at the Princess Margaret Hospital for Children in Perth
1982 - 1990Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health at the University of Western Australia
1994 - Honorary Consulting Gastroenterologist at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne
1996 - Honorary Founder Fellow Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, UK
1997Member of the (General Division) Order of Australia (AM)

 

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Structure based on ISAAR(CPF) - click here for an explanation of the fields.Prepared by: Annette Alafaci
Created: 7 September 2005
Modified: 29 January 2007

Published by The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre on ASAPWeb, 1994 - 2007
Originally published 1994-1999 by Australian Science Archives Project, 1999-2006 by the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre
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Updated: 26 February 2007
http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/biogs/P004580b.htm

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